Full Length Research Paper

Perceptional Evaluation of Intrinsic Factors Affecting Job Satisfaction among Agricultural Extension Agents in North Central, Nigeria

Nwali, P.N., Ajah J. and E.E. Idu

Article Number - 659521FA4D159  | Vol. 5(1), pp. 1-12, January 2024  | 
 Received: 22 February 2023 |  Accepted: 16 June 2023  |   Published: 5 January 2024

Copyright © 2024 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0.


Objective: Job satisfaction among male and female Agricultural Extension Agents (AEAs) in North Central, Nigeria. The main objective is to find out whether there is locational difference in the level of job satisfaction among male and female AEAs in the study area base on their gender. Materials and Methods: The states covered include: Kwara, Kogi, Niger, Nasarawa, Benue and Plateau. A simple random sampling technique was used for sample selection while a questionnaire was adopted for data collection. A total of 490 AEAs (340 males and 150 females) were used for the study. The data were analysed using a three-way mixed Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). Results: Generally, when the responses of male and female AEAs on all the factors were compared across the six states, the result indicated that was no significantly difference in the job satisfaction between female and male AEAs. On the other hand, looking at each factor across the states, both the male and female AEAs rated higher than other factors while they were least satisfied with the extent of their involvement in the Agricultural Development Programmes (ADPs) decision-making process and the degree to which they are been trained/developed. At the state level, the result indicated that there were significant variations (p < 0.05) in job satisfaction among the male and female AEAs in some states. However, the male and female AEAs in Benue State did not significantly differ in any of the factors. Conclusion:  Based on the findings, it was concluded that job satisfaction among AEAs in the north central Nigeria, depend on gender, location and the type of factor considered.


Keywords: Factors, Job Satisfaction, Male Extension Agents, Female Extension Agents, Gender.




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Nwali, P.N.*, Ajah J. and E.E. Idu 

Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Sociology, University of Abuja, Nigeria.

*Corresponding author. Email: [email protected]



How to Cite this Article

Nwali, P. N., Ajah, J. & Idu, E. E. (2024). Perceptional Evaluation of Intrinsic Factors Affecting Job Satisfaction among Agricultural Extension Agents in North Central, Nigeria. Journal of Research in Science and Technology, 5(1), 1-12.



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Abbreviation: J. Res. Sci. Technol.
ISSN: 2971-7728 (Online)
Start Year: 2020
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Ajah J.

E.E. Idu