Full Length Research Paper

Impact of Free Mid-day Meal and Breakfast Schemes on Education with Special Reference to Tamil Nadu

J. Cyril Kanmony

Article Number - 660EBDA135F4F  | Vol. 5(1), pp. 1-6, April 2024  | 
 Received: 6 February 2024 |  Accepted: 28 March 2024  |   Published: 4 April 2024

Copyright © 2024 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0.


As education is a powerful tool for breaking the poverty cycle, enhancing child survival, favouring growth and development and closing social inequality and even reducing human right violations national and international conventions and summits emphasized on the universalization of primary education. However, globally there are nearly 69 million children who have not been enrolled in schools. Of these children nearly half of them are from Sub-Saharan Africa and almost a quarter from South Asia including India. The main reason for this state of affair is poor economic status of their parents, who are compelled to go for some manual works early in the morning without giving proper care to their children. Hence a scheme that provides some relief in the form of food is the most necessity to enhance enrolment and to reduce dropout rates and to help governments achieve the universalization of primary education. To attain these goals the mid-day meal scheme was introduced in many countries including India. The government of India has introduced the mid-day meal scheme in the name of National Programme of Nutritional Support to Primary Education on the 15th of August 1995. In Tamil Nadu, it stands the highest in enrolment of students in higher education; the scheme was introduced in 1956, the oldest in the country. The latest on this line is the ‘free breakfast scheme’ introduced in Tamil Nadu in two phases, the first phase in 2022 and the second in 2023. It was proved beyond doubt by many studies that both the schemes have much positive impact on education, particularly enrolment.


Keywords: Universalization of primary education, Enrolment, Attendance, Social security, Economic security, Food security, Freebies.





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J. Cyril Kanmony

Professor Emeritus, PG & Research Centre, Department of Economics, Scott Christian College (Autonomous), Nagercoil – 629003, Kanniyakumari District, Tamil Nadu, India. Email: [email protected]



How to Cite this Article

Kanmony, J. C. (2024). Impact of Free Mid-day Meal and Breakfast Schemes on Education with Special Reference to Tamil Nadu. Journal of Economics, Business Management and Administration, 5(1), 1-6.



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Abbreviation: J. Econ. Bus. Manage. Admin.
ISSN: 2971-7736 (Online)
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