March 2024

A Critical Perspective to Higher Education in the 21st Century Tunisia: The Problems of the Present and the Challenges of the Future

Taher Ben Khalifa

  |  Article Number: 65E1CD0A61D20


Trends in Education and Educational Studies (TEES) is an open access peer review journal. The journal publishes Review Articles, Original Research Articles, Short Communications and Mini Reviews in all areas of Education. TEES also considers commentaries and letters to the editor. The journal seeks to publish high quality research papers that are innovative and add value to current trends or knowledge in the subject. Articles submitted to the journal are expected be the author(s) original work and must not be under consideration for publication elsewhere. 

Articles published in TEES cover all areas of education including, but not limited to:

  • Adult Education 
  • Alternative Preparation Programs
  • Comparative Education 
  • Curriculum Development 
  • Early Childhood Education 
  • Education Policies And Management
  • Educational Administration And Management 
  • Educational Psychology
  • Educational Technology 
  • Special Education 
  • Teachers' Training 
  • Teaching and Learning of Different Subjects
  • Vocational Education

Trends in Education and Educational Studies (TEES) publishes monthly and one volume per year. All articles are published in English.

Trends in Education and Educational Studies (TEES) being an open access journal adopts the standard open access business model where authors pay the Article Handling Fees (AHF) for their publications. The Article Handling Fees is paid upon acceptance of the manuscript for publication by the journal editor. Please see Article Handling Fees for more details.

For manuscript submission and general inquiries kindly contact the editorial office via [email protected]. Authors are advised to read the Instructions for Authors before making their submissions.


Prof. Abdeljalil Métioui
Département de didactique
Université du Québec à  Montréal,

Assoc. Prof. Bamikole O. Ogunleye
Director of Awa-Ijebu Study Centre,
National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN),
Awa-Ijebu, Ogun State

Prof. Frederick A. Okwo
Faculty of Education
University of Nigeria

Dr. Gulzar Ahmed
Deparment of Teacher Education
The Sheikh Ayyaz University

Prof. Antonio Rodríguez Fuentes
Faculty of Education Sciences
University of Granada

Editorial Board Members

Dr. David Adebayo Adewuni
Department of Educational Foundations
Federal University of Kashere

Dr. Abdullah M. Al Ansi
Faculty of Economics and Business
University of Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Dr. Ruth Anna-Brew
Department of Education and Psychology
Faculty of Educational Foundations
University of Cape Coast
Cape Coast, 

Prof. Fernando E. Valladares Fuente
University of Pinar del Rio

Dr. Samuel O. Oladipo
Department of Social Science Education
Adekunle Ajasin University

Dr. Vahid Rafieyan
International College of Liberal Arts
Yamanashi Gakuin University

Dr. Flávio Caetano da Silva
Department of Education
Center for Education and Human Sciences
Federal University of Sáo Carlos

Prof. Sándor Karikó
University of Szeged

Assoc. Prof. Lucila Pesce
Department of Education
School of Philosophy, Letters and Human Sciences - Guarulhos campus
Federal University of Sáo Paulo - UNIFESP

Dr. Mairo Danjuma
Department of Education
Faculty of Education
Kebbi State University of Science and Technology

Dr. Offia Tugwell Owo
Department of Technical Education
Ignatius Ajuru University of Education
Port Harcourt, 

Dr. Taher Ben Khalifa
Department of English
Higher Institute of Applied Studies in Humanities
University of Gafsa, 

Prof. Beshel Ushie
Curriculum and Teaching Department
Faculty of Education
University of Calabar


Trends in Education and Educational Studies (TEES) is an open access peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish high quality research papers that are innovative and add value to current trends or knowledge in education.


Manuscripts submitted to the journal must be within its scope and coverage. This includes:

Adult Education, Alternative Preparation Programs, Comparative Education, Curriculum Development, Early Childhood Education, Education Policies And Management, Educational Administration And Management, Educational Psychology, Educational Technology, Special Education, Teachers' Training, Teaching and Learning of Different Subjects, Vocational Education.


Style: Manuscripts should be prepared using the general style: Font – Arial, Font size – 12, Paragraph Spacing – 1.5 and Page alignment – Justify.

Document format: The journal accepts only submission is Microsoft Word format. Tables and Figures should be included within the manuscript except otherwise.

Language: Manuscripts submitted to the journal must be written in English (either American or British). Authors whose native language is not English are strongly advised to have their manuscript checked by a language editing service or by an English mother-tongue colleague(s) before submission. Manuscript should be checked for grammar and spelling errors.

Citations: All references mentioned in the text must be listed in the reference section and vice versa. Also tables and figures (or other additional materials) used must be provided and cited within the text.

Originality: Authors are fully responsible for the accuracy of the material in the manuscript. It must be noted that all submissions are author(s) original work and where necessary due approval have been received for materials with copyrights. Also the manuscripts submitted have not been previously published or under consideration in another journal.


Original Research Articles: Such submissions are divided into an abstract, introduction, materials and methods, results and discussions, conclusions and references. They should describe new and carefully confirmed findings. The research methods should be given in sufficient detail for verification and easy reproduction by other researchers.

Short Communications: Such submissions are articles with a simple layout containing limited data. These article types are suitable for recording the results of complete small investigations or summary of new models, innovative methods or techniques. Short communications are within 5 to 9 manuscript pages in length and may also carry same headings as Research Papers.

Review Articles: A summary and discussion of the relevant literature. No particular format is required for these submissions. However, they should be concise, informative and must cover topics of current trends or importance.

Mini Reviews: These submissions are brief versions of the Review Articles. Mini Reviews are within 4 to 8 manuscript pages in length.


Manuscripts submitted should be properly structured with clearly defined sections. These include:

Title: Should be brief and informative.

Author(s) list and affiliation: The names of authors should be provided correctly (first-name, middle-name and surname). Affiliation should include departments, institution, country, emails and phone numbers.

Corresponding author: The corresponding author should be clearly indicated. He/she is responsible for all communications with the editorial office during and after the publication process.

Abstract: The abstract should briefly contain the purpose of the study, the main results and conclusions. The abstract should not be more than 250 words with 5 to 10 keywords following immediately.

Introduction: A brief introduction giving an adequate background of the study, statement of problem, the aim and objectives.

Materials and method: The section should provide sufficient information for other researchers to reproduce. Also methods used from previous publications should be duly referenced.

Results and discussion: Results and discussion can be combined into a single section or treated separately. The section should have enough details for readers to fully understand the data reported in figures and tables and also explore the significance of the results of the work.

Tables and Figures: Tables and Figures should be numbered consecutively with accompanied title and legend respectively. Tables should be sent as editable text and not images. Figures types should include JPEG, TIFF and Microsoft Word files. Where necessary, footnotes can also be pasted under tables with proper description of abbreviations or other additional information.

Conclusion(s): Conclusions based on the finding. However, it may not be necessary if it can be included in the discussion section.

Acknowledgements: In this section contributions from those who played a part in the preparation of the research but do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed. Sources of funds, grants etc can also be mentioned.

Conflict of Interest Statement: A statement declaring conflict of interest should be included.

References: References cited in the text, tables and figures should be listed in this section. Authors are responsible for the accuracy of the references. References cited as "in press" are assumed to be accepted. Unnecessary self citations should be avoided. DOIs should be included if available.


Canas, J. J., Fajardo, I., & Salmeran, L. (2006). Cognitive flexibility. Eds: W. Karwowski. In book: International encyclopedia of ergonomics and human factors 3 Volume Set (Volume 1). 2nd edition. CRC Press.

Benet-Martinez, V., & John, O. P. (1998). Los Cinco Grandes across cultures and ethnic groups: Multi-trait multi-method analyses of the Big Five in Spanish and English. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 75, 729-750.


Authors should send an email to [email protected] with the following attachments:

1. Cover letter: Confirming the ownership and originality of the manuscript, consent of all listed authors to publish in the journal and that the manuscript is not being considered in another journal.

2. Manuscript: In Microsoft Word format according to journal format. Tables and Figures should be included within the manuscript except otherwise.

3. Supplementary materials (if any): Depending on the nature of submission.


By submitting your manuscript to the journal you are agreeing to pay the Article Handling Fee (AHF) when the paper is accepted for publication. Please see Article Handling Fees for more details.


For more information or inquiries kindly send a mail to [email protected] and [email protected] 

TIEES Articles

March 2024

A Critical Perspective to Higher Education in the 21st Century Tunisia: The Problems of the Present and the Challenges of the Future

The impact of the gap between education and economy on the dynamic progress of society is frequently searched. In Tunisia, the...

Taher Ben Khalifa

  |  Article Number: 65E1CD0A61D20


Abbreviation: Trends Educ. Educ. Stud.
Start Year: 2024
Published Articles: